The San Francisco Civil War Round Table Meeting
18th April 2013
Our meeting began with the Pledge of Allegiance, led by Gildo Lopez .

Members seemed pleased with the new arrangement of circular dining tables. Groups of five or
six were engaged in lively conversation throughout the meal.

Guest speaker Mike Green presented his paper on
"The Battle of South Mountain -
America's Thermopylae."

Three pitched battles were fought on September 14th 1862
for possession of three South Mountain passes: Crampton's,
Turner's, and Fox's Gaps. Maj. Gen.
George B. McClellan,
commanding the Union Army of the Potomac, needed to
pass through these gaps in his pursuit of Confederate General
Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia.
After Lee invaded Maryland, a copy of an order, known as
order 191, detailing troop movements that he wrote fell into
the hands of McClellan. From this, McClellan learned that
Lee had split his forces and the Union general hoped to attack and defeat some of these isolated
forces before they could concentrate against him. To reach Lee, McClellan had to move across
South Mountain. Lee learned of McClellan's intelligence coup and quickly sent forces to
reinforce the passes to block his advance.
Despite being significantly outnumbered, Lee's army delayed McClellan's advance for a day
before withdrawing.
The conflict at South Mountain was followed three days later by the horror of Antietam.

Mike illustrated his talk with copious maps, along with excellent photographs that he took when
he walked the battlefields.
Speaker Mike Green and his wife Caroline