San Francisco Civil War Round Table Meeting Thursday 19th March 2015 at the United Irish Cultural Center 2700 45th Avenue, San Francisco ============================================== Female Spies of the Civil War presented by Silver Williams
Ms. Williams chose two examples to illustrate the activity of the many women on both sides who acted as spies and messengers during the Civil War. Pauline Cushman, born Harriet Wood, was an actress who spied for the Union by fraternizing with Confederate officers. While carrying concealed plans in her shoe she was captured by Braxton Bragg's men and condemned by him to be executed. She managed to escape when Union troops attacked. General James Garfield awarded her the rank of Brevet Major. She went on to tour the country, giving lectures on her life as a spy. She fell on hard times and died in poverty in San Francisco, where she is buried in the Presidio under the name "Pauline Fryer," the family name of her last husband. Sarah Slater was a Confederate spy who worked with both John Wilkes Booth and John Surratt prior to Lincoln's assassination. She was recruited in Richmond by James Seddon, the Confederate Secretary of War, and carried messages for him to Confederate sympathizers in Canada. On a mission to bring funds to Montreal for the Canadian operation, she vanished. The mystery of her disappearance has never been solved.